I was once tasked with re-designing a school space that housed both the teacher break room and a student tutoring intervention space. (Teacher break, huh?) The main problem was obviously the two very divergent needs taking place in one shared - and small - area. Account for sub-activities (like coffee/tea/food preparation, eating, sink use, socializing, testing and instruction), and we're actually talking about seven or eight different activities, all in one space. Here's what I learned from that design challenge:
Divide the Space By Individual or Grouped Activities
In this case, the space was small enough that it required grouping related activities together. We split the room into halves, based on the primary functions and then split each space again by micro-activities.
Too often we plan with only the floor space in mind. Using walls maximizes and multiplies the amount of useable space you have to work with. Whether you use walls for storage, use them to display art, or just let the teachers climb them, when possible, take it all the way to the ceiling for a strong visual statement and more space.
Make Use of Corners
Use corners to organize the space. Corners are a natural starting point to design our thoughts and objects. Creating activity centers in the corners works as an easy way for students to identify tasks areas and as a common sense way to keep organized. Activity centers also double the space for the tasks.